Going out for sushi can be a fun date or family outing, but when you take a look at a sushi menu, things can get confusing really fast. In addition to seeing sushi, you will likely see words like sashimi, nigiri, and maki. Many people aren’t clear about the difference between all of these traditional Japanese fish dishes.
We will break down the basics for sushi, sashimi, nigiri, and maki. The next time you go to your favorite sushi restaurant, you will have all the information you need to order the exact Japanese fish dish you are looking for.
What Is Sushi?
Sushi is prepared vinegared rice served with fish and often vegetables as well. It is generally a nutritious and non-fattening food. It is high in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals while being naturally low in fat. If you add veggies to the dish, then there are even more vitamins and minerals, and the seafood adds omega-3 fatty acids which is beneficial for cardiovascular health and brain function.
Because of the popularity of sushi, it has transformed into many modern dishes with varying ingredients, preparation, and condiments. There are also subtypes, including handmade sushi, rolled sushi, pressed sushi, and scattered sushi.
Many people think of sushi as simply being raw fish, but that is not the case. Sushi is a general term for a Japanese meal that consists of either fish, rice mixed with vinegar, or both. However, not all fish in sushi is raw. There are actually just a few fishes that you can serve raw.
Traditionally, sushi is made with medium-grain white rice seasoned with salt, sugar, and vinegar, and often prepared with seafood like calamari, crab, and eel. There are also vegetarian options. Sushi is usually served with wasabi, pickled ginger, and soy sauce, and dressed in seaweed (nori).
A common misconception is that sushi is all about the fish, but that is wrong. The word actually means “vinegar rice,” and the rice is the key ingredient that makes a dish a sushi dish. Since it is a general word for anything that comes with vinegared rice, sushi comes in many different varieties. But, it does not need to contain raw fish to be sushi.
What Is Sashimi?
Sushi and sashimi are often confused because many people think of sushi as raw fish. In reality, sashimi is actually a Japanese dish that is only thinly sliced raw fish or meat and it doesn’t come with rice. This means that sashimi is not sushi because there is never any vinegared rice involved.
In addition to being raw fish (served with pickled ginger and wasabi), sashimi can also be raw meat, raw veggies, or raw tofu. The literal translation is “pierced body/meat.” However, the most popular types of sashimi include salmon, tuna, horse mackerel, octopus, scallop, and sea urchin. Usually, chefs use salt water fish for sashimi because freshwater fish often have parasites that can cause intestinal distress.
Pure sashimi is raw fish, meat, or veggies served on its own. It is sometimes used in sushi rolls, but then it is no longer pure sashimi.
Just because sashimi is a simple presentation of sliced fish without any other ingredients, it doesn’t mean chefs don’t take great care in preparing it. They will select the best fish for the dish, and how they slice it or garnish it brings out different flavors.
Since it is served raw, pregnant women should avoid sashimi altogether. However, it is generally a healthy dish that contains vitamins and minerals, depending on the type of meat you use.
Sushi Vs. Sashimi
To recap, sushi is vinegared rice and sashimi is thin slices of raw fish, meat, or veggies. A sushi dish can have more than just the rice, but it is the vinegared rice that is the common thread in all sushi dishes. On the other hand, sashimi is just the meat, which means it is not sushi.
When it comes to nutrition, the amount of calories, carbs, fat, protein, and fiber varies in sashimi and sushi because there are so many varieties of ingredients you can use. Sushi tends to have more carbs and calories because of the rice, and there are often ingredients like mayonnaise in sushi that will boost the fat and calorie count. But, for the sashimi, it is just the meat, which means high amounts of protein and low calorie and carb counts.
Health Benefits And Risks
Both dishes often use fish, and that makes both sushi and sashimi high in omega-3 fatty acids, which offer big health benefits like fighting depression and anxiety, improved brain health, and fighting inflammation.
However, you want to be careful consuming large quantities of sushi or sashimi because of the mercury and other heavy metal contaminants. Anyone with a compromised immune system should avoid raw fish.
How They Are Served
Both sushi and sashimi are popular Japanese dishes usually served with wasabi, pickled ginger, and soy sauce. However, they are very different and not interchangeable. Sashimi is not sushi, but sushi can contain sashimi…and that results in a dish called nigiri.
Nigiri is a combination of sushi and sashimi. It is a dish of raw slices of fish (sashimi) served over oblong mounds of pressed vinegar rice (sushi). Because it includes the vinegar rice, nigiri is a type of sushi. Nigiri is always a variety of seafood, like fish, octopus, shrimp, or squid but never meat. The majority of the time, nigiri is raw fish, but there are certain types of nigiri that can be cooked or seared.
For some people, nigiri is the visual they think of when they think of sushi because it is a combination of raw fish and vinegared rice. It is often served on wooden trays with pickled ginger, wasabi, and soy sauce.
Popular fish toppings in nigiri are tuna, salmon, halibut, yellowtail, octopus, and squid. Most sushi first-timers find salmon nigiri to be the best option for their first sushi experience, thanks to its palatable and unique taste.
Maki could also be what some people think of when they think of sushi because it is layers of fish, veggies, and sushi rice that is rolled up in a sheet of seaweed. Chances are, if you have eaten a traditional sushi roll, you have eaten maki.
There are different variations of maki, including temaki which is similar to maki, but uses less seaweed and the chef forms it by hand and gives it a cone-shape, often calling it a hand roll. There is also tekkamaki, which looks similar to a regular maki roll, but has just a single ingredient plus rice. Some examples of tekkamaki are tuna rolls, salmon rolls, and cucumber rolls. Futomaki are fatter rolls with multiple ingredients in the center, an example being a California roll.
So, is maki sushi? Yes. But not all sushi is maki.
Maki Vs. Nigiri
Two of the most common types of sushi, especially for beginners, are maki and nigiri. Maki is layers of fish, veggies, and rice wrapped in seaweed, while nigiri features layers of raw fish on top of rice with no seaweed.
Because of the layers of fish, veggies, rice, and seaweed, Maki is loaded with protein while being relatively low on calories. The rice is responsible for the majority of the calories, and it also adds carbs to the meal. And, the seaweed is loaded with minerals that are essential for proper hormone function.
As for nigiri, the nutritional information is quite similar to maki. The fish provides a lot of protein, and the rice brings the calories and carbs. But, the lack of seawood does bring down the mineral content.
Health Benefits And Risks
Once again, we have to mention the high protein content and beneficial omega 3 fatty acids in the fish. That makes sushi a healthy low-calorie meal. But, there are also a few risks when it comes to sushi. If you load up your roll with mayonnaise, cream cheese, or fried tempura, the calorie and fat content skyrockets. And, soy sauce can make the sodium levels soar. Raw fish can also expose you to bacteria, viruses, or parasites. And, the mercury levels in sushi tend to be quite high, depending on the type of fish you are eating.
However, according to MedBroadcast, the health benefits of sushi outweigh the risks.
How They Are Served
Maki is served in a familiar roll that features layers of fish, veggies, rice, and seaweed. While nigiri is slices of fish served on top of pressed mounds of vinegar rice. Both are familiar images that represent what many people think about when they think of sushi.
Both are also served with wasabi, pickled ginger, and soy sauce.
Tips For Ordering Sushi And Sashimi
If you have never had sushi before, don’t be afraid to sit at the sushi bar of a Japanese restaurant and ask questions while watching the chefs work. Nigiri that has salmon or tuna is an excellent starting point, so you can determine what taste and textures you like. To prevent over-ordering, you can also try a temaki roll with different combinations without eating an entire roll.
You want to sparingly use wasabi and soy sauce in the beginning, that way you can try the sushi without the extra flavors, and truly taste the fish. The pale pink slices of pickled ginger on your plate are for cleansing your palate and prepping your mouth for the next taste.
Now that you have a better idea of the differences between sushi, sashimi, maki, and nigiri, you can go to your local Japanese restaurant and start sampling some of these popular dishes. Once you have tried sushi a few times, start ordering outside of your comfort zone, and maybe you will find other flavor combinations that you enjoy.
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