The floorball game time is 3 x 20 min with two 10 minute intermissions. The time is effective, which means the time shall be stopped whenever play is interrupted by the referees’ whistle, and started again when the ball is played. Youth categories or school competition are of course played in shorter time. Teams change sides after each period and if one end of the rink is in a better condition (for example there is intense sunlight on the other side), the teams can also change ends in the middle of the third period.

Every team has the right to request 30 seconds long time out. It can be only requested by the team captain or staff member and has to be carried out during game interruption. Only  if the referees consider that this will negatively affects the situation for the opposing team (usually in a hit-in situation in short distance to the goal), the time out shall be carried out at the next interruption. Players on the penalty bench aren’t allowed to join the team during the time out. A match where a winner needs to be decided, ending with even result, the match continues after a 2 minute intermission with 10 minutes extra time until one of the teams scores a so called „golden goal“ (scoring team wins). Time out can be requested in extra time if it hasn’t been used in regular time. If no goal is scored during extra time, a series of penalty shots will determine the winner of the match.

During the penalty shots only the goalkeeper and the player of the opponent team stays on the rink, everyone else except for the referees has to stay behind the boards. At the beginning of the penalty shot the goalkeeper needs to touch the goal line with a part of his body. After the player gets in contact with the ball, the goalkeeper is free to move (the rules of the goal crease are still preserved). During the penalty shot the ball has to be always moving forward! If the ball stops, moves only to the side but not forward or moves backwards, the referee terminates the penalty shot due to irregular execution. The referee needs to watch the movement of the ball, not the player, who is allowed to move in any direction during the whole penalty shot. The other referee stands behind the goal cage and watches the goal line. During a penalty shot in regular game time the match is interrupted.

Five field players from each team are taking a penalty shot in extra time one after the other and the shots are taken alternately between the two teams. If the score after this series is still even, the same players take a shot one each until a decisive result is achieved. The referees decide after the extra time which goal cage will be used for the penalty shots and carry out a draw between  the captains, after which the winner will decide which team will start with taking the penalty shot. A penalized player is allowed to participate in the penalty shots if he hasn’t incurred a match penalty. The extra penalty shots don’t have to be taken in the same order as the regular penalty shots but a player can’t take a third penalty shot until all the noted players in his team have taken at least two. As soon as a decisive result is achieved during the penalty shots, the match is over and the winning team is considered to have won by one extra goal.

Each team is allowed to use a maximum of 20 players, who are noted in the match record. During the match the maximum amount of players on the rink simultaneously is six, either five field players and one goalkeeper or six field players. In order to start the match each team needs to have five field players and one properly equipped goalkeeper. The goalkeeper is noted in the match record and can’t participate in this match as a field player. But it is possible to replace the goalkeeper by a field player, in case of an injury for example. This player will be marked in the match record and is also not allowed to participate as a field player anymore in this match.

The substitution of players takes place at any time and there is no limited number of times during the match. All substitutions take place in the team’s own substitution zone. A player leaving the rink has to be on his way passing over the board before a substitute may enter the rink. An injured player leaving the rink outside his own substitution zone can’t be replaced until the play is interrupted.

Each team has a captain marked in the match record with a „C“ and by a wide stripe on his left shoulder. Only the captain is entitled to speak to referees and is also obliged to assist them. The team staff can contain a maximum number of five members and they are also noted in the match record.

All field players have to wear uniforms consisting of numbered jerseys, shorts and knee socks pulled up to the knees. The color of the jerseys can’t be gray (that is assigned for referees). If the combination of colors of both teams is similar, the visiting team is obliged to change. Goalkeepers are dressed in jerseys and long trousers. Players are not allowed to wear personal equipment that might cause injuries like watches, earrings, etc. All protective equipment should be worn underneath the clothing, if possible. No headgear is allowed except elastic headbands without knots. All sticks and balls have to be approved and marked by IFF, all tampering with the shaft except shortening is prohibited. The blade can’t be sharp and the hook can’t exceed 30mm. It is measured as the distance between the highest point of the blade’s inner side and an even surface on which the stick is lying.

A goal is allowed when it has been scored correctly. That means if the entire ball has passed the goal line from the front, having been played in a correct way with a field player’s stick, and no offence leading to a free-hit or a penalty has been committed by the attacking team in connection with or immediately before the goal. The goal is confirmed by a face off at the centre spot and can’t be disallowed after it’s made. Only a goal scored in extra time or from a penalty shot is not confirmed by a face off. If a goal is scored immediately before the end of a period or the entire match (the referees consider the goal to be scored before the final siren), a formal face off takes place, even when the time has ran out.

In case the goal cage has been moved unintentionally and the ball passes the goal line from the front and between the post marks where the cage is supposed to be the goal is considered to be scored correctly. The goal can be scored not using the stick by a part of the body if the movement leading to the goal is considered by the referees as unintentional (a self-scored goal is confirmed even when the movement is intentional or due an incorrect manipulation with the stick). All situations are directly judged by the referees, no video technique is used.

Video – correctly and incorrectly scored goals – in nonstandard situations

Image: IFF

  1. CJ says:

    nice shot :-D!

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